(makanlin) colocasia esculenta, xanthosoma mafafa
(makanlin )colocasia esculenta, xanthosoma mafafa
Xanthosoma is called macabo and, especially in English-speaking literature, cocoyam or tannia. Sometimes cocoyam is used for Colocasia which is also called dasheen. In order to avoid any confusion, the name "taro" will be used exclusively in this chapter for Colocasia esculenta, and "macabo" for Xanthosoma
It is a perennial herbaceous plant thanks to its corm, a tuberous underground stem from which thick secondary stems are born. The plant can grow from 1.5 to 2.5 meters tall. From the main stem emerge erect leaves, with a fluted petiole about 90 cm long, with a sagittate (arrow-shaped) blade, large (about 1.2 m long by 90 cm wide). The inflorescences, which arise in the axils of the leaves, are spadices, enveloped in a greenish-white spathe 12-15 cm long, which at its base forms a closed spherical chamber. The spadix, white, slightly longer than the spathe, bears numerous flowers, female at the base, male in the upper part, and is sterile in the middle part. These inflorescences are rarely fertile. The fruits are small yellow berries
Xanthosoma leaves provide ample amounts of vitamin A, which is necessary for good growth, eye health and disease prevention. They also contain vitamin C and vitamin B2. Vitamin C provides tissue resistance, helps the body to absorb iron and facilitates chemical exchange; vitamin B2, also promotes growth and sight. Xanthosoma leaves contain vitamin B1 which the body needs to assimilate energy elements. Xanthosoma leaves finally contain interesting amounts of calcium and iron.
The taro tuber contains a large amount of calcium oxalate which is implicated in its acridity, even its toxicity.
They are used the same way as potatoes. They are eaten cooked, boiled, grilled, fried or mashed ..... Grated and stewed, these tubers accompany many traditional dishes in the tropics.